Resource List - DAO Legal

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Publications on the subject of the legal status of The DAO

Blockchain- and Cryptocurrency-Related Legal Issues: A Research Roadmap

Crypto Law Review – Medium journal

Most Cited Decentralized Autonomous Organization Publications

Fintech, Bitcoins, Blockchains, Decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs): the future is bright, the future is decentralized

Public sources:

SEC Report of Investigation Pursuant to Section 21(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934: The DAO

Legal framework for distributed ledger technology and blockchain in Switzerland

Application of Howey to Blockchain network token sales

Overviews from legal firms:

“Decentralized Autonomous Organizations” by Allen & Overy

“Report: Blockchain, smart contracts and DAO” by Wardyński & Partners

“SMART CONTRACTS: Is the Law Ready?” by DLA Piper

“Legal Aspects of Smart Contract Applications” by Perkins Coie LLP

Misc articles:

“Deconstructing the DAO: the need for legal recognition and the application of securities laws to Decentralized Organizations” by Laila Metjahic

“Blockchain and the Law: A Critical Evaluation” by João Pedro Quintais, Balázs Bodó, Alexandra Giannopoulou and Valeria Ferrari

“Legal aspects of the Decentralized Autonomous Organizations” by Aleksei Gudkov

“The Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO) and Ethereum: self-regulation taken to new heights” by Jim Apollo Mathiopoulos

“ICO’s, DAO’s, and the SEC: A Partnership Solution” by Ori Oren

“Bitcoin and the Blockchain as Possible Corporate Governance Tools: Strengths and Weaknesses” by Fiammetta S. Piazza

“DAOs, Democracy and Governance” by Ralph C. Merkle

“Legal Personhood: Animals, Artificial Intelligence and the Unborn” by Visa A.J. Kurki and Tomasz Pietrzykowski

“Corporate Governance and Blockchains” by David Yermack

“The Decentralized Autonomous Organization” by Felix Fuith

“The Rise of Decentralized Autonomous Organizations: Coordination and Growth within Cryptocurrencies” by Ying-Ying Hsieh

“Legal Recognition of Blockchain Registries and Smart Contracts” by Dr Robert Herian

“Malta: Legal Personality For Blockchains, DAOs And Smart Contracts” by Max Ganado

“Decentralized autonomous organizations and the law” by Amanda Langwagen Elfstroem

“Rule of Law Versus Rule of Code: A Blockchain-Driven Legal World” by Gabrielle Patrick and Anurag Bana

“A Legal Primer to the Age of Crypto-Governance: Smart Contracts, Decentralized Autonomous Organizations and Initial Coin Offerings” by Meric Sar

“The Tao of The DAO: Taxing an Entity That Lives on a Blockchain” by David J. Shakow

“If Rockefeller Were a Coder” by Carla L. Reyes


“Legal compliant DAOs” by Qianchen Yu

“Legal DeFi” by Jacek Czarnecki

“Legal Personality” by Huge Karp

Primavera de Fillipi (author of Blockchain and the Law)

EB125 – Florian Glatz: Defining A Legal Framework For Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO)

EB135 – Stephen Palley: Lawmodynamics And How To Sue A DAO


To :card_file_box:

DAOs and the interaction with the physical world by Tristan Roberts

OpenLaw and Aragon collaboration on an LLC-DAO: E-Commerce with Legal and Blockchain Security by Ross Campbell

Blockchain legal issues with DAOs by Marcin Zduniak

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Essential to every single contributor of the Genesis DAO: Guide to bookkeeping Grants from the Genesis DAO

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SEC’s action against Etherdelta raises Constitutional questions

Computational Law Research and Development at MIT: Blockchain Based LLC

June 2019: dOrg Launches First Limited Liability DAO

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Limited Liability DAO / BBLLC research:


OpenLaw: Legally Compliant DAOs

Hi, everybody!

Take a look here:

Just a fast translation (from Google) of the chapter IV:

Digital company shares are the next logical step. The digitization of company law and related procedures is, not least, a topic that is strongly followed by the European Union. The forthcoming amendment of EU Directive 2017/32 envisages a tremendous acceleration, simplification and use of online tools for start-ups and their operation. Germany can also position itself as a pioneer if we facilitate the transfer of shares in German corporations beyond the stock exchange listing, which is of particular interest to start-ups and their financing. We are also implementing the goals of the coalition agreement. The focus here is that shares similar to electronic securities can be digitized and registered. The digitization of the shares should serve several purposes: the faster, legally secure foundation; easier equity raising and employee ownership. The high costs and legal complexity of transferring shares under German law are the main reason why employees are not involved in the capital of a company. Instead, one makes use of so-called virtual shares or so-called phantom stock programs. These non-specifically regulated contracts form equity investments, but do not achieve the same status as real corporate interests. Suction. Vesting mechanisms (regrowth rules) should be able to be implemented automatically. These are especially important for employee participation because employees earn their participation over a certain period of time. Digital shares not only enable small transactions of shares, but also allow automation of the allocation. Irrespective of this, Germany should create an alternative Blockchain-based trade register and advocate any necessary legal changes at European level. This would allow market-induced improvements in the information function of the commercial register. In addition, the register courts could be relieved. As provided for in the aforementioned EU Directive, on-line start-ups of corporations are to be simplified. Here the identification process could be facilitated by the introduction of a digital identity (at once). That this is possible and has met with great international interest, Estonia has already proven with the e-residency. A similar system should also be implemented in Germany. When registering companies online, we are committed to effective preventive controls and reliable identity checks, including at European level, to ensure the accuracy of registrations and the legitimate expectations of public registers.

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The Law of the Platform by Orly Lobel

Of Bitcoins, Independently Wealthy Software, and the Zero-Member LLC by Shawn Bayern

Coase’s Penguin, or, Linux and The Nature of the Firm by Yochai Benkler

Algorithmic Entities by Lynn M. LoPucki

Company Law and Autonomous Systems: A Blueprint for Lawyers, Entrepreneurs, and Regulators

Ex machina

Some authors from Anja:

  • Malcom Shaw
  • Martti Koskenniemi (my favorite, also he’s alive :D)
  • William Twining
  • Giuliana Ziccardi Capaldo
  • Rafael Domingo
  • Sir Ian Brownlie
  • James Crawford
  • Sir Hersch Lauterpacht
  • Marcelo Dias Varella

Recently shared resources:

@HiddenMass – Revenue Split Machine

Matt Lockyear – Partially Decentralized Organizations

@MarkusBuech – German: The organized organization: Thoughts inspired by Blockchain technology on basic questions of organizational law

Megan Knab – DAO Accounting

SEC – How We Howey

wiseGEEK – What is a Swiss Verein?

September resource update:

David Shapiro - Taxation and Regulation of Decentralized Exchanges

US Treasury Department - Eric Powers Enforcement Act (BTC <> Fiat money transmitter)

Otonomos - Legal Entity service provider

InformDirect - How Share Redemptions Work

FinCEN - Guidance on Convertible Virtual Currencies

@orishim - dOrg presents “Legal DAOs” at DAOfest

Dee Hock - Birth of the Chaordic Age

Wikipedia - Chaordic Orgs

Preston Bryne - The LAO, demysified

Bylined Articles - Revised Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act Provides Clarification for Rules of Conduct

Georgia Legal Code - Actions against unincorporated association; service of process; venue

Gabriel Shapiro - Tokenizing Corporate Capital Stock

Wikipedia - Temporary Autonomous Zone

Blockchain Strategy of the Federal German Government - English edition

DAO Legal Blog / Canvas

Commonwealth Discussion: Legally Compliant DAO Types

Autark Presents: On The Law of Tokens and Trusted Technology in Liechtenstein

Autark Presents: DAOs and Cooperatives

Metacartel DAO LLC Whitepaper

ZeroLaw Augmentation Paper